HOWTO: Install Mazda3 Rear Brake Pads and Rotors
Based on the guide written by sok07 on www.mazda3forums.com
Reproduced with Permission.
Edited with commentary by Wild Weasel
The following is a step by step guide to replacing the rear rear rotors & brake
pads on a 2.3L Mazda3 or Mazdaspeed3. Note that both the 2.0L Mazda3 uses different
parts than those shown here, so while these instructions can be used as a general
guide, things like torque specs or other details specific to this car may not apply.
- Socket set (14mm 6pt socket)
- Breaker bar
- 7mm hex/allen key.
- Rear brake pad spreader.
- 10-100 ft-lb torque wrench
- Brake caliper lubricant or white grease
- Brake cleaner
- Rear Caliper Pins: 19-22 ft-lbs.
- Rear Caliper Bracket 44-56 ft-lbs.
- Wheel Lug Nuts: 80-90 ft-lbs.
Bleeding the Brake System
If you are only replacing the pads and rotors, you will not normally have to bleed
the system unless you've found your pedal feel to be mushy and suspect there is
air in the lines.
If you are replacing the lines though, or otherwise opening any parts of the system
which may let in air (this does not include removing the reservoir cap) then you
will have to bleed the lines to purge any air. Generic instructions for doing so
can be found here.
- Ensure that the car is in gear and the parking brake is off.
- Chock the wheels to ensure the car doesn't roll.
- Jack up the side of the vehicle and secure with sturdy jack stands. Never work under
a car supported only by a jack.
- It is recommended that you use stands rated for at least 3 tons each.
Rear Rotor & Pad Install / Replacement
- Jack up car and remove wheel. Using a flat-head screwdriver pop off the spring clip.
The spring clip will pop/fly off, so beware.
- Find the two plastic dust caps that are just snapped-on the back of the caliper
and remove them. Using the 7mm allen/hex key remove the caliper bolt/pin.
- Slide off the caliper and place it somewhere as to not put any excessive strain
on the brake line. In my case, I just gently wedged it between the shock and a nearby
strip of flanged sheet metal in the wheelwell. If you are swapping brake pads, the
pad closest to you is just held by the caliper mounting bracket. The other pad is
clipped to the caliper piston.
Note that you can skip the next step if you are not replacing the rotors. The caliper
mount bracket does not need to be removed to change the pads.
- To remove the caliper mount bracket, locate the two bolts on the back of the rear
upright. Using a ratchet, 14mm socket, and a breaker bar remove the two bolts.
- The rotor should now be free, so just slide off the stock rotor from the hub/upright.
If the rotor doesn't come off easily, it is probably just rusted on. Using a mallet,
just tap the along the circumference of the center part of the rotor to jar the
rotor free from the hub.
- Slide on the new rotor, and hold it in place using a spacer and a lugnut.
Holding it on like this isn't critical, but is convenient if you can do it.
- Reinstall the caliper mount bracket to the upright. Be sure to apply some blue loctite
on the bolts.
- Install the brake pad. Simply place the outer pad on the caliper mount bracket.
The inner pad needs to be slid into place on the piston. Note the flange on the
piston and the clips on the back of the pad.
- Slide the caliper over the outer brake pad and rotor. If you can't slide the caliper
on, you may have compress the piston. To do this you will have to either get a special
brake tool from and auto parts store, or simply use needle-nose pliers to rotate
and compress the piston. On the piston you will see two circular indentions. Place
the tips of the pliers in the indentions and rotate the piston clockwise while applying
inward pressure to compress it back into the caliper. As with the front, be sure
to first take the lid off the fluid reservoir and watch to ensure it doesn't overflow
while you compress the piston.
Note from Wild Weasel: I've noticed that there is a lot of commentary in the forums
about people having difficulty compressing the rear pistons. I want to be very clear
about this. If you haven't done rear calipers before and are not familiar with how
they work, DO NOT ATTEMPT THIS with needlenose pliars. I know it can be done and
have done it myself several times, but it will almost certainly be a very frustrating
endeavour. If you don't own a rear caliper compressor tool, go out and buy or rent
one. Many auto parts places lend them out for free. The piston has to be pressed
and rotated back in. It doesn't push straight in and it doesn't screw in. The tool
will press and turn at the same time, and make this job very easy.
- Clean, lube & reinstall the two caliper bolts/pins. Reinstall the dust caps and
spring clip. Finally, remove the lugnut and spacer that you used to hold the rotor
Note from Wild Weasel: When replacing the rear pads on my own car (after over 100k km's) I had issues with
the bottom sliders on both calipers. For some reason, it was only the lower ones. The caliper itself had
corroded around the rubber sleeves so the sliders were very difficult to move. To resolve this, I had to
remove the rubber sleeves and then grind away the corrosion, which came off as a white powder. If you're
not prepared to deal with this situation, then you're probably best off taking it to a shop. If the sliders
do not move freely, you will have problems with the brakes going forward.
- After completing the install & remounting the wheels, get into the car and press
the brake pedal a few times to build up pressure, and engage and disengage the e-brake
a few times. The rear brakes are self-adjusting, and it will calibrate/align the
piston by the use of the e-brake.